Communal Violence in Nuh and Manipur: What’s Behind It?

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Clash of Communities and Ethnic Tensions

The conflict in Manipur arises from the longstanding disputes between the Meitei, constituting 53% of the population, and the Kuki, making up 30% of the population, over land and resources. Located in India’s Northeast region, Manipur has a history of ethnic tensions and insurgencies involving over 30 rebel groups, including Naga, Meitei, and Kuki factions.

The violence was triggered by the demand of the Meitei community for Scheduled Tribe status, opposed by the Kuki community, fearing potential loss of privileges and land. A ruling by the Manipur high court in favor of the Meitei demand further escalated tensions, leading to clashes and protests.

Bringing peace to Manipur faces challenges, including inadequate security measures by the state government during protests and obstruction faced by central security forces from both sides. The conflict has also been politicized by the BJP-led central government.

Efforts towards resolution include Prime Minister Modi’s appeal for peace, consideration of imposing the president’s rule for a neutral administration, addressing sexual violence, facilitating the exchange of bodies between communities, and including moderates from both sides in a peace dialogue. Fast-tracking talks with Kuki militants to address autonomy aspirations is also being considered.

Communal Violence in Nuh Unravelling the Triggers

Communal violence erupted in Haryana’s Nuh district following the burning alive of Junaid and Nasir by self-proclaimed ‘cow protectors’. The incident provoked youth, both outsiders and locals, who mobilized in retaliation, spurred on by hatemongers Bittu Bajrangi and Monu Manesar spreading provocative messages on social media.

Administrative negligence is alleged, as threatening posts were reportedly ignored, leading to clashes during a Vishwa Hindu Parishad procession. The violence escalated, resulting in a mosque being torched, and communal tension spreading to Gurugram and Sohna.

The aftermath saw several villages in Nuh deserted, and the police arrested Muslim youth, causing distress among families. The communication of Mewat seems to serve political interests, but peaceful coexistence is crucial for the well-being of the region.